998. Maximum Binary Tree II

Medium
A maximum tree is a tree where every node has a value greater than any other value in its subtree.
You are given the root of a maximum binary tree and an integer val.
Just as in the previous problem, the given tree was constructed from a list a (root = Construct(a)) recursively with the following Construct(a) routine:
  • If a is empty, return null.
  • Otherwise, let a[i] be the largest element of a. Create a root node with the value a[i].
  • The left child of root will be Construct([a[0], a[1], ..., a[i - 1]]).
  • The right child of root will be Construct([a[i + 1], a[i + 2], ..., a[a.length - 1]]).
  • Return root.
Note that we were not given a directly, only a root node root = Construct(a).
Suppose b is a copy of a with the value val appended to it. It is guaranteed that b has unique values.
Return Construct(b).
Example 1:
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Input: root = [4,1,3,null,null,2], val = 5
Output: [5,4,null,1,3,null,null,2]
Explanation: a = [1,4,2,3], b = [1,4,2,3,5]
Example 2:
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Input: root = [5,2,4,null,1], val = 3
Output: [5,2,4,null,1,null,3]
Explanation: a = [2,1,5,4], b = [2,1,5,4,3]
Example 3:
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Input: root = [5,2,3,null,1], val = 4
Output: [5,2,4,null,1,3]
Explanation: a = [2,1,5,3], b = [2,1,5,3,4]
Constraints:
  • The number of nodes in the tree is in the range [1, 100].
  • 1 <= Node.val <= 100
  • All the values of the tree are unique.
  • 1 <= val <= 100

解題

/**
* Definition for a binary tree node.
* type TreeNode struct {
* Val int
* Left *TreeNode
* Right *TreeNode
* }
*/
func insertIntoMaxTree(root *TreeNode, val int) *TreeNode {
if root == nil {
return &TreeNode{ Val:val }
}
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if val > root.Val {
newnode := &TreeNode { Val:val, Left: root}
return newnode
}
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root.Right = insertIntoMaxTree(root.Right, val)
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return root
}
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