26. Remove Duplicates from Sorted Array

Easy
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Given an integer array nums sorted in non-decreasing order, remove the duplicates in-place such that each unique element appears only once. The relative order of the elements should be kept the same.
Since it is impossible to change the length of the array in some languages, you must instead have the result be placed in the first part of the array nums. More formally, if there are k elements after removing the duplicates, then the first k elements of nums should hold the final result. It does not matter what you leave beyond the first k elements.
Return k after placing the final result in the first k slots of nums.
Do not allocate extra space for another array. You must do this by modifying the input array in-place with O(1) extra memory.
Custom Judge:
The judge will test your solution with the following code:
int[] nums = [...]; // Input array
int[] expectedNums = [...]; // The expected answer with correct length
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int k = removeDuplicates(nums); // Calls your implementation
​
assert k == expectedNums.length;
for (int i = 0; i < k; i++) {
assert nums[i] == expectedNums[i];
}
If all assertions pass, then your solution will be accepted.
Example 1:
Input: nums = [1,1,2]
Output:
2, nums = [1,2,_]
Explanation:
Your function should return k = 2, with the first two elements of nums being 1 and 2 respectively.
It does not matter what you leave beyond the returned k (hence they are underscores).
Example 2:
Input: nums = [0,0,1,1,1,2,2,3,3,4]
Output:
5, nums = [0,1,2,3,4,_,_,_,_,_]
Explanation:
Your function should return k = 5, with the first five elements of nums being 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively.
It does not matter what you leave beyond the returned k (hence they are underscores).
Constraints:
  • 1 <= nums.length <= 3 * 104
  • -100 <= nums[i] <= 100
  • nums is sorted in non-decreasing order.
​

解題

第一個方法是建立一個map(set)來儲存出現過的值,如果是第一次出現,便將他儲存進nums array。同時要建立一個變數紀錄index。
func removeDuplicates(nums []int) int {
set := make(map[int]bool)
var index int = 0
for _, val := range nums {
if _, isExist := set[val]; !isExist {
nums[index] = val
index++
set[val] = true
}
}
return index
}
第二個方法只需要log(n),也比較省空間。當出現新的值時,就把它記錄在nums[k]的位置。
func removeDuplicates(nums []int) int {
k := 1
for i:=1; i<len(nums); i++ {
if nums[i]!=nums[i-1] {
nums[k] = nums[i]
k++
}
}
return k
}